Article: China's 'Three Warfares' in Perspective
I wrote another piece for War on the Rocks appearing January 30, 2018. The article places the People’s Liberation Army’s approach to information/influence operations in the context of the Chinese Communist Party. Western analysts, especially those focused on the PLA, need to focus more on understanding the Party. To read, click here.
- To understand China’s influence operations, start with the Party, not the PLA
- The ‘Three Warfares’ are the PLA’s contribution to the Party’s effort to build political power
- PLA political warfare capabilities include military operations, propaganda, and intelligence/influence networks
- Read Party documents!
- “Contrasting China’s and Russia’s Influence Operations,” War on the Rocks, January 16, 2018
- “Laws on Foreign Influence Just the Beginning in Fight Against Chinese Coercion,” Sydney Morning Herald, December 7, 2017
- Mark Stokes and Russell Hsiao, “The People’s Liberation Army General Political Department: Political Warfare with Chinese Characteristics,” Project 2049 Institute, Occasional Paper, October 14, 2013
- Elsa Kania, “The People’s Liberation Army’s Latest Strategic Thinking about the ‘Three Warfares’,” China Brief, August 22, 2016
- Dean Cheng, “Winning Without Fighting: Chinese Public Opinion Warfare and the Need for a Robust American Response,” Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder No. 2745, November 21, 2012